What is Cyber Security

what is cyber security

For crimes committed through computers, the Internet, digital devices, the World Wide Web etc., from small fines to life imprisonment, punishment can be given. Security and investigation agencies around the world are taking cyber crimes very seriously. In such cases, information technology law 2000 and information technology (amendment) law 2008 are also applicable, keeping in view the other aspects of the case, the Indian Penal Code (IPC), Copyright Act, 1957, Company Law, Government Privacy Act and so forth. In that case, anti-terrorism law can also be implemented. In some cases, the IT rules 2011 issued separately from the IT department of the Government of India also apply. There is also a reasonable arrangement for keeping innocent people safe from the complaints lodged in law, but computer, telecommunications and Internet users should always be alert that they are not knowingly having any cyber crime inadvertently. To safely use the technical features, remember that avoiding treatment is better.

What is Cyber Security


Hacking means unauthorized infiltration and manipulating data in a computer, device, information system or network. This hacking can also be done through physical access to that system and also through remote access. It is not necessary that such hacking results in damages to that system. Even if there is no harm, even infiltration comes under cyber crime, for which there is a provision for punishment.


– Section 43 (A), Section 66 of the IT (Amendment) Act, 2008

– Impact of section 379 and 406 under IPC

Punishment: Up to three years of imprisonment and a penalty of up to five lakh rupees, if convicted.

Data theft

Theft of private or confidential data (s) from any technical system of any other person, organization and so on. If you have an official access to an internal data from an organization, but without the permission of that organization you do not use it for its illegitimate abuse, it will also be within its scope. The cases of theft of personal data of people have also been revealed in call centers, organizations having information of others.


– Section 43 (B), Section 66 (E), 67 (C) of IT (Amendment) 2008,

– Section 379, 405, 420 of IPC

– copyright law

Sentence: Penalty for up to three years in prison and / or up to two lakh rupees, according to the severity of the crime.

What is Cyber Security

Identity theft

Use data related to identity of another person, secret information etc. For example, some people use their credit card numbers, passport numbers, base numbers, digital ID cards, e-commerce transaction passwords, electronic signatures, etc., while shopping, withdrawing money. When you commit an offense, or take advantage of unnecessary while giving the impression of being someone else, then it comes under the identity theft (identity theft).


– Section 43, 66 (c) of IT (Amendment) Act 2008

– Section 419 of IPC can be used

Punishment: Up to three years of prison and / or fine up to one lakh rupees.

E-mail spoofing and fraud

Using an e-mail address of another person, sending the e-mail to the wrong motive comes under it. This type of fraud is more used to spread hacking, phishing, spam and virus-spyware. The purpose of this is to deceive the e-mailer and get his confidential information. Such information can include bank account number, credit card number, password of e-commerce site and so on.


– Section 77B of IT Act 2000

– Section 66 D of IT (Amendment) 2008

– Section 417, 419, 420 and 465 of IPC

Sentence: Prison and / or penalties for up to three years.

What is Cyber Security


Within the scope of pornography comes photos, videos, text, audio and material, which is sexual and which is based on sexual acts and nudity. The prohibition of pornography law applies to the publication of such content electronically, sending it or sending someone else or sending it to someone else. Those who make naked or obscene videos of others or make MMS and carry them through electronic means, send obscene messages against anyone’s wishes, they also come under its purview.

Exception: It is illegal to publish pornography and reach others through electronic means, but it is not illegal to see, read or hear it, but it is also illegal to see child pornography. The material prepared in the public interest for works related to art, literature, education, science, religion etc. is not considered invalid.


– Section 67 (A) of IT (Amendment) Act 2008

– Section 292, 293, 294, 500, 506 and 509 of IPC

Sentence: Penalties for up to five years in prison and / or up to ten lakh rupees on the first mistake in relation to the severity of the offense. For the second time, the jail sentence becomes seven years after making a mistake.

Child pornography

In such cases, the law is even more stringent. Publish something to the electronic format or send it to others showing the children in the act or naked. Even further, the law says that those who prepare, collect, find, view, download, advertise, promote, deal with others or share pornographic content related to children. So that’s illegal too. Preparing children for seductive online relationships, creating sexual intercourse with them, or recording sexual activities related to children, making MMS, sending others etc. are also covered under this. Here’s the meaning of children – people younger than 18 years old.


– Sections 67 (b) of IT (Amendment) Act 2009, sections 292, 293, 294, 500, 506 and 509 of IPC

Punishment: First offense for a five year jail and / or a fine up to ten lakh rupees. Penal for up to seven years on the second offense and up to Rs 10 lakh.

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